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Dyslexia Speech Therapy

Convenient & Effective Speech Therapy

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What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a neurological condition that affects reading, spelling, writing, and sometimes even verbal communication. It is characterized by difficulties in accurately and fluently recognizing words and decoding their meanings. Dyslexia is not related to intelligence; individuals with dyslexia can have average or above-average intelligence. Key features of dyslexia include:

  • Difficulty with Reading: People with dyslexia struggle with reading words accurately and quickly. They might reverse letters, skip words, or have trouble sounding out unfamiliar words.

  • Spelling Challenges: Dyslexia often leads to difficulties with spelling words correctly. Individuals might have trouble remembering the correct sequence of letters in words.

  • Phonological Processing Issues: Phonological processing refers to the ability to recognize and manipulate sounds in spoken language. Individuals with dyslexia may have difficulty connecting sounds to their corresponding letters, which can make reading and spelling challenging.

  • Language Processing: Some individuals with dyslexia may have difficulty with understanding and expressing spoken language. They might struggle to organize their thoughts or retrieve the right words during conversations.

Dyslexia Speech Therapy


What are the roles of the speech therapist when treating dyslexia?

While speech therapist primarily work with communication and speech disorders, they can play an important role in treating individuals with dyslexia as well. Dyslexia is primarily a reading disorder, but it can also impact spoken language skills. Here are some of the roles that a speech therapist might have when treating someone with dyslexia:

  • Assessment: Speech therapists assess the individual's language and communication skills, including reading and writing abilities. They can identify specific areas of difficulty related to phonological awareness, auditory processing, and speech sound production.

  • Phonological Awareness Training: Phonological awareness refers to the ability to identify and manipulate the sounds of spoken language, which is a crucial skill for reading and spelling. Speech therapists can provide targeted exercises to improve phonological awareness skills.

  • Auditory Processing Training: Dyslexia can involve difficulties in processing and distinguishing sounds in spoken language. SLPs can work on improving auditory discrimination skills, helping individuals better understand and differentiate sounds, which can ultimately aid reading and spelling.

  • Speech Sound Production: Some individuals with dyslexia might struggle with articulation or speech sound production. While this is not the core difficulty of dyslexia, speech therapists can address any co-occurring speech sound errors to ensure effective communication.


What are some speech issues when treating dyslexia?

Here are some speech issues to consider when treating individuals with dyslexia:

  • Phonological Awareness: Dyslexia often involves difficulties with phonological awareness, which is the ability to recognize and manipulate the sounds in language. Speech therapists can work on improving phonological awareness skills, including phonemic awareness and phonological memory.

  • Speech Sound Disorders: Some individuals with dyslexia may have co-occurring speech sound disorders, such as articulation or phonological disorders. Speech therapists can address these issues by providing articulation therapy to improve the production of specific speech sounds.

  • Vocabulary and Word Retrieval: Dyslexia can impact vocabulary development and word retrieval. Speech therapists can help expand vocabulary, teach word-finding strategies, and improve word retrieval skills through structured language activities.

  • Syntax and Grammar: Difficulties with syntax (sentence structure) and grammar may be present in individuals with dyslexia. Speech therapists can work on sentence structure, verb tense, and other grammatical aspects to improve overall language comprehension and expression.

  • Reading Fluency: While reading therapy typically falls within the domain of literacy specialists or educators, speech therapists can support reading fluency by targeting oral reading skills. This may include working on pacing, intonation, and expression while reading aloud.


What are some common dyslexia speech therapy techniques?

There are a wide variety of dyslexia treatments. Here are some specific techniques commonly used in dyslexia speech therapy:

1) Phonemic Awareness Activities:

  • Segmentation: Breaking words into individual phonemes (sounds).

  • Blending: Combining phonemes to form words.

  • Isolation: Identifying the initial, medial, and final sounds in words.

  • Substitution: Replacing one phoneme with another to create new words.

2) Phonics Instruction:

  • Letter-Sound Correspondence: Teaching the relationship between letters and their corresponding sounds.

  • Syllable Division: Breaking words into syllables to aid decoding.

  • Word Families: Exploring words with similar patterns to enhance word recognition.

3) Multisensory Techniques:

  • Visual: Using visual aids like letter tiles, colored markers, and visual cues to reinforce learning.

  • Auditory: Incorporating listening exercises, rhyming games, and auditory discrimination tasks.

  • Kinesthetic/Tactile: Incorporating hands-on activities like tracing letters, forming words with playdough, or using textured materials.

4) Oral Reading Practice:

  • Choral Reading: Reading aloud in unison with the therapist or peers to improve fluency.

  • Repeated Reading: Practicing the same passage multiple times to build reading speed and accuracy.

  • Paired Reading: Reading with a partner who provides support and assistance.



What are the benefits of speech therapy for dyslexia?

Speech therapy offers a range of benefits for individuals with dyslexia, as it targets the underlying language and phonological difficulties that contribute to reading and writing challenges. Here are some key benefits of speech therapy for dyslexia:

  • Improved Phonological Awareness: Speech therapy focuses on enhancing phonological awareness—the ability to recognize and manipulate sounds in spoken language. This skill is essential for decoding words and understanding the relationship between sounds and letters.

  • Enhanced Decoding Skills: Speech therapists work on improving decoding skills, which involve translating written words into spoken language. This helps individuals with dyslexia become more proficient in recognizing and pronouncing words accurately.

  • Increased Reading Fluency: Through oral reading practice and targeted techniques, speech therapy can lead to increased reading fluency. Fluency contributes to better comprehension and a more enjoyable reading experience.

  • Enhanced Spelling and Writing Abilities: Speech therapy addresses difficulties in spelling and writing. Individuals learn strategies to improve spelling through understanding phonics rules, word patterns, and employing mnemonic devices.

  • Boosted Vocabulary and Language Development: Speech therapy helps expand vocabulary and improve language comprehension. A richer vocabulary supports better understanding of written and spoken language.

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